Poro is a fourth class, coastal municipality consisting of 17 barangays namely: Altavista, Libertad, Mabini, Eastern Poblacion, Western Poblacion, Teguis, Mercedes, Esperanza, Pagsa, Sta. Rita, Adela, Cagcagan, Sta. Rosa, Adela, San Jose, Rizal, and Daan Paz. Its major source of income comes from internal revenue allotment (IRA). Other income includes revenues from water system and Real Property and Business Taxes.
Poro has a total land area of 6,388.7 hectares of which 65.11% is used for agricultural purposes, 11.39% is covered by forest, 1.03% is used for residential and commercial, 0.08% is industrial, and the remaining 22.39% is used for other purposes.
The Municipality of Poro has a total population of 25,212 inhabitants (2015). Based on a provincial statistics (2007), Poro has a poverty rate of 38.1%. Seventy percent (70%) of Porohanons are Catholic in religion. They speak Porohanon and Cebuano dialects.
Tourism, government services, and light industries spur the town’s economic activities. Bakeries, pawnshops, pharmacies, pension houses, courier outlets, cooperatives, Catmon Rural Bank of Cebu, Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP) ATM outlet, electric power plant, pearl farm and culture, furniture crafting, metal works are some of the businesses that operate in the town.
Camotes Electric Cooperative (CELCO) is the main electricity provider in the whole Camotes Island and is based in Western Poblacion. Poro’s water system is sourced from Magdagook and Kantaway Spring and distributed to the consumers through the Waterworks Department of the Municipality of Poro. The town’s communication is powered by Smart, Globe, and Sun with available internet connection provided by Smart Bro.
The town of Poro is dubbed as the “Gateway to Camotes Island” due to it being located at the center of the islands. It has its own port with world-class facilities including an all-weather Ro-Ro and docking facility and a passenger’s waiting area. The port area has plenty of extra spaces available for building for warehousing large and bulky commodities like cement, rice, or a petroleum depot since there are gas stations in the islands that source its supply from unreliable truck deliveries from Cebu. Cargo vessels, fastcraft, and pumphboats dock on this port via Cebu, Danao, and Pilar. For inland transport, one can hop in “habal habal” motorcycles which charge on contract basis or the recently-introduced Poro Transport System, which uses multi-cabs that ply to different barangays on designated time schedule. It has two routes: one via Barangay Sta. Rosa, and the other is via Barangay Daan Paz. The aim of this project is to help Porohanons from distant barangays lessen their fares in going to and from Poro and encourage more economic activities.
Fish production reaches to 150,696 kilograms in a year (2009). Data only shows fish catch by small fishermen using hook and line, and fish nets. Poro raised a total of 969 heads of swine; 1,186 heads of cattle; 1,638 heads of goat; and 36,225 heads of chicken.
Poro’s agricultural production includes corn, rice, mango, coconut, banana, root crops, and vegetables. Corn has a total production of 2,735 metric tons that covered a land area of 1,013 hectares whereas rice only reaches to 68 metric tons. Coconut has a total production of 1,517 metric tons in an area of 1,686 hectares. Total root crops production reaches to 1,069 metric tons. (2009)